Web automation with python

Itexamtools.com
2 min readJan 19, 2023

Web automation with Python refers to the process of automating actions on a website using Python scripts. This can include tasks such as filling out forms, clicking buttons, navigating pages, and more.

One popular library for web automation with Python is Selenium. Selenium allows you to control a web browser (such as Chrome or Firefox) using Python code. This enables you to automate tasks on a website that would normally require manual interaction, such as filling out forms or clicking buttons.

To get started with Selenium, you’ll need to install the Selenium package and the appropriate web driver for the browser you plan to use. Once those are installed, you can use Selenium’s methods to interact with elements on a webpage, such as finding an element by its CSS selector or ID and then interacting with it.

Another way of achieving web automation is using requests and beautifulsoup library. They are used to send HTTP requests and parse the HTML/XML response respectively. You can use it to automate actions like filling forms, making login and logout, etc.

It’s important to note that web automation can be illegal or violate a website’s terms of service, so it is important to review and follow the terms of service for each website you intend to automate.

Here is an example of using Selenium to automate a task on a website using Python:

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from selenium import webdriver

# Create an instance of the web driver
driver = webdriver.Chrome()

# Navigate to the website
driver.get(“https://www.example.com")

# Find the search bar element by its CSS selector
search_bar = driver.find_element_by_css_selector(“#search_bar”)

# Enter a search term into the search bar
search_bar.send_keys(“web automation with Python”)

# Find the search button element by its CSS selector
search_button = driver.find_element_by_css_selector(“#search_button”)

# Click the search button
search_button.click()

# Wait for the results to load
driver.implicitly_wait(10)

# Print the title of the first result
first_result = driver.find_element_by_css_selector(“#result_1”)
print(first_result.text)

# Close the browser
driver.quit()

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This script opens the Chrome web browser, navigates to a website, enters a search term into the search bar, clicks the search button, waits for the results to load, and then prints the title of the first result. The script then closes the browser.

You can also use beautifulsoup and requests library to automate web task.

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import requests
from bs4 import BeautifulSoup

# Send an HTTP GET request to the website
response = requests.get(“https://www.example.com")

# Parse the HTML of the website
soup = BeautifulSoup(response.text, “html.parser”)

# Find the search bar element by its CSS class
search_bar = soup.find(“input”, {“class”: “search_bar”})

# Print the value of the search bar
print(search_bar[“value”])

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In this example, the script sends an HTTP GET request to a website, parses the HTML of the website using BeautifulSoup, and finds the search bar element by its CSS class. The script then prints the value of the search bar.

It’s important to note that web scraping and automation can be illegal or violate a website’s terms of service, so it is important to review and follow the terms of service for each website you intend to scrape or automate…

Learn more python here

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